How to set up an OAuth2 provider with ssoadm

The ssoadm command line tool is a quite powerful ally if you want to set up your OpenAM environment without performing any operation through the user interface, i.e. when you just want to script everything.

Whilst the tool itself allows you to do almost anything with the OpenAM configuration, finding the right set of commands for performing a certain task, is not always that straightforward… In today’s example we will try to figure out which commands to use to set up an OAuth2 provider.

When using the Common Tasks wizard to set up an OAuth2 Provider we can see that there are essentially two things that the wizard does for us:

  • Configure a realm level service for the OAuth2 Provider
  • Set up a policy to control access to the /oauth2/authorize endpoint

Setting up a realm level service

Well, we know that we are looking for something that sets up a service, so let’s see what command could help us:

$ openam/bin/ssoadm | grep -i service -B 1
        Add service to a realm. 

Well, we want to add a service to a realm, so add-svc-realm sounds like a good fit. Let’s see what parameters it has:

$ openam/bin/ssoadm add-svc-realm
    --realm, -e
        Name of realm.

    --servicename, -s
        Service Name.

    --attributevalues, -a
        Attribute values e.g. homeaddress=here.

    --datafile, -D
        Name of file that contains attribute values data.

Alright, so the realm is straightforward, but what should we use for servicename and datafile?

Each service in OpenAM has a service schema that describes what kind of attributes can that service contain and with what syntaxes/formats/etc. Since all the default service definitions can be found in ~/openam/config/xml directory, let’s have a look around and see if there is anything OAuth2 related:

$ ls ~/openam/config/xml
... OAuth2Provider.xml ...

After opening up OAuth2Provider.xml we can find the service name under the name attribute of the Service element (happens to be OAuth2Provider).

So the next question is what attributes should you use to populate the service? All the attributes are defined in the very same service definition XML file, so it’s not too difficult to figure out what to do now:

$ echo "forgerock-oauth2-provider-authorization-code-lifetime=60
forgerock-oauth2-provider-access-token-lifetime=600" > attrs.txt
$ openam/bin/ssoadm add-svc-realm -e / -s OAuth2Provider -u amadmin -f .pass -D attrs.txt

Creating a policy

Creating a policy is a bit more complex since 12.0.0 and the introduction of XACML policies, but let’s see what we can do about that.

Using ssoadm create-xacml

The XACML XML format is not really pleasant for the eyes, so I would say that you better create that policy using the policy editor first, and then export that policy in XACML format, so that you can automate this flow.

Once you have the policy in XACML format, the ssoadm command itself would look something like this:

$ openam/bin/ssoadm create-xacml -e / -X oauth2-policy.xml -u amadmin -f .pass

Using the REST API

The policy REST endpoints introduced with 12.0.0 are probably a lot more friendly for creating policies, so let’s see how to do that:

$ echo '{
   "resources" : [
   "subject" : {
      "type" : "AuthenticatedUsers"
   "active" : true, 
   "name" : "OAuth2ProviderPolicy",
   "description" : "", 
   "applicationName" : "iPlanetAMWebAgentService",
   "actionValues" : {
      "POST" : true, 
      "GET" : true
}' > policy.json
$ curl -v -H "iplanetdirectorypro: AQIC5wM...*" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d @policy.json

Hope you found this useful.

This blog post was first published @, included here with permission.


Comments are closed.

  1. akradhak 3 years ago

    Hi Peter,
    Is there a way to create OauthProvider using rest api as opposed to ssoadm?..If so can you provide rest api and a sample content of son.. thanks

  2. quentin.castel 3 years ago

    Please note that the REST example above is for OpenAM 12.

    Since OpenAM 13, as the resourceTypeUI is now required in the policy json representation, you will need an extra step to create an OAuth2 policy (see!/docs/openam/13/dev-guide#rest-api-authz-policies-create).

    The way to proceed is to query the resource types first (!/docs/openam/13/dev-guide#rest-api-authz-resource-types-query) and then create a policy using the appropriate resource type ID.

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